The Protective Ventilation Tool (P/V Tool Pro) performs a respiratory mechanics maneuver that records a quasi-static pressure-volume curve, which describes the mechanical behavior of the lungs and chest wall during inflation and deflation.
This method can be used to assess lung recruitability and determine the recruitment strategy to apply (
P/V Tool Pro can also be used to perform a sustained inflation recruitment maneuver and measure the increase in lung volume (
This is particularly helpful in ARDS patients, as selecting an appropriate lung-recruitment strategy and the correct PEEP setting as an anti-derecruiting force are critical for this patient group (
In combination with esophageal pressure measurement, the P/V Tool Pro can give you a clearer understanding of the lung and chest-wall mechanics.
This enables you to apply a lung-protective ventilation strategy by titrating the PEEP level (
You can perform P/V Tool Pro maneuvers without having to disconnect the breathing circuit or make any changes to the mode or ventilator settings. Normal ventilation can be resumed at any time. The P/V Tool Pro records the pressure-volume relation of the lungs at low-flow conditions (2–5 cmH2O/s).
The breathing circuit is pressurized linearly to the operator-set pressure target. When the pressure reaches the target, pressure is reduced back to the starting pressure.
We use the P/V Tool to determine initial PEEP settings on almost all ventilator patients once they have been sedated for the intubation. We also use the recruitment portion of the P/V Tool a lot, particularly for patients who are having repeated atelectasis.
Director Respiratory Care (until 2019)
Methodist Hospital, Houston (TX), USA
Our respiratory therapists use the P/V Tool as soon as they put the patient on the ventilator to obtain optimum PEEP. The therapists find it very helpful, especially on the sicker patients.
Clinical Educator for the Respiratory Department
Florida Hospital, Orlando, USA
Lung protection is one of the major objectives when mechanically ventilating a patient.
In terms of changes in oxygenation, recruited volume, or hyperinflation, lung characteristics and morphology are strong predictors of the response to PEEP settings or recruitment maneuvers (
A personalized strategy may decrease mortality in moderate-to-severe-ARDS patients if lung morphology is correctly assessed (
The P/V Tool Pro is available as an option on the HAMILTON-C3/C6 and HAMILTON-G5, and is a standard feature on the HAMILTON-S1.