Auteur: Francesca Walther
Last change: 27.01.2021Link to video added; shift of 15 mmHg instead of 10 - 15 mmHg
In general, PetCO2 value represents a reliable index of CO2 partial pressure in the arterial blood (PaCO2) (measured using blood gas analysis (BGA)). To get the most accurate approximation of PaCO2, the second highest PetCO2 value out of 8 breaths is used.
Under common conditions, PaCO2 is approximately 3–5 mmHg higher than PetCO2 - the difference between the values is referred to as the PaCO2-PetCO2 gradient. Under special clinical conditions (including ventilation/perfusion problems or presence of a shunt), the PaCO2-PetCO2 gradient can increase, requiring adjustment of the ventilation targets.
|PaCO2 target (physician)||40–50|
|PetCO2 patient (measured)||38|
Because the measured PetCO2 is in the PetCO2 target range, INTELLiVENT-ASV does not see a need to increase %MinVol. However, the target range for PetCO2 needs to be lower because of the PaCO2-PetCO2 gradient.
Where PaCO2 (BGA) is too high, shift the target range 15 mmHg to the left (see image below). The %MinVol will increase resulting in a decrease in patient CO2.
Follow the link below to watch our video showing how to shift the PetCO2 target range in INTELLiVENT-ASV (
Remember that INTELLiVENT-ASV will always try to bring the patient into the middle of the target range. This is particularly important when adjusting the target range where the patient is not in the set range just before BGA.
Relevant devices: HAMILTON-G5/S1 (SW v2.8x and later); HAMILTON-C1/T1 (SW v3.0.x and later); HAMILTON-C3 (SW v2.0.x and later); HAMILTON-C6 (SW v1.1.x and later)